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How is HIV transmitted?

Updated: May 12, 2022

HIV is transmitted only through blood, vaginal secretions, semen, foreskin and breast milk. These body fluids contain such concentrated amounts of HIV virus that they can transmit infection.

HIV must enter the bloodstream directly in order for the infection to be transmitted.

This can be done by:

  • Having sex without a condom

  • Sharing a syringe with an HIV-infected

  • The HIV-infected mother is breastfeeding her child during birth

  • the HIV-infected mother is breastfeeding her child

HIV is not transmitted through ordinary social contact, kisses, hugs and hugs as well as by sharing a toilet or drink of the same cup, and HIV cannot be transmitted by insects.

You can only become infected with HIV if you have been in contact with blood, semen, or vaginal secretions from an HIV-infected person.

Acute HIV infection

If you have just been infected with HIV, you have an extremely large amount of virus in your blood. Over half of those infected with HIV have been infected by people who have newly infected themselves. Many newly infected people experience symptoms reminiscent of the flu, while others have no symptoms at all.

Most newly infected people do not yet know that they have contracted HIV, and if they have unprotected sex, there is an extra high risk of contracting HIV. It is therefore extra important to protect yourself to avoid HIV when you have sex partners who do not know their HIV status.


1. If you have had sex without a condom, get tested for HIV four weeks later. It can do the following places:

  • AIDS Fund Checkpoint

  • General practitioner

  • Infectious Diseases Department at the hospitals

2. Be careful to only have safe sex for the four weeks up to your HIV test.

3. Safe sex is sex with a condom and silicone or water-based lube, and to avoid semen in the mouth.

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